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Australian Bed and Breakfasts | The Bed & Breakfast Association | Travel Information
AUSTRALIAN BED AND BREAKFASTS. TRAVEL INFORMATION FOR AUSTRALIA
Australian bed and breakfasts - Travel information
Australia is a land of contrasts. From the ancient traditions of one of the oldest indigenous civilisations, to the pioneers of European settlement, Australia boasts a diverse culture and unique flora and fauna. Our cities are renowned for their food, theatre and music, and our regional areas for their beauty and variety.
Your can enhance your holiday in Australia by choosing accommodation from among our members Australian bed and breakfasts, all of which offer more than just a room with a key. Read on for general visitor information about the country and some of the exciting activities you can enjoy on your visit.
If you know where you plan to visit, click on your desired state or territory link, above, to obtain specific details about Australian bed and breakfasts accommodation options and tourist information. You can find a bed & breakfast, host farm, guesthouse or hosted self contained accommodation all round this great country where your hosts will give you a warm welcome and be on hand to advise you on getting the best out of visiting their region.
Australia is a multicultural society with a population of more than 21 million. It has been inhabited for an estimated 40 000 to 60 000 years by Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander peoples. Their cultural and linguistic diversity is rich and complex, and based upon a deep spiritual connection to their native land.
European settlement of Australia began in 1788, when Great Britain established the first colony in Sydney Cove. Today, nearly half of Australians are immigrants or the descendants of immigrants. Our population includes people from more than 200 countries. This is reflected in our cosmopolitan cities where restaurants and cafés use the best of fresh and season ingredients to serve sensational meals. Eating out in Australia is a true delight.
Australians are enterprising and competitive which means that wherever you travel, especially in the cities and major towns, you will find a wide choice of high quality cultural and sporting events, festivals and celebrations, year round.
For more information about Australia’s population, click here
Significant Dates in European Settlement click here
The average summer (December to March) temperature is 29°C (84°F). The northern two-thirds of Australia experiences humid and wet conditions in summer. Further south, summer is warm with occasional hot spells and mild nights. Winter (June to August) averages 13°C (56°F) for the country as a whole, with warm days and mild nights in the northern areas, becoming cool and showery in the south.
The international access code for Australia is +61 followed by the area code and the phone number.
For international calls dial 0011 followed by the relevant country code (e.g. 001144 for the United Kingdom). Local calls from public payphones are unlimited and cost a standard rate, while international and long distance calls are charged according to the time spent on the phone. Mobile phone operators use GSM and CDMA networks (area code (0)4); mobile phones are available for rent. Internet cafes are widely available.
Area Codes – omit the zero if phoning from overseas:
· (02) New South Wales and ACT
· (03) Tasmania and Victoria
· (07) Queensland
· (08) South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory
Daylight saving has been adopted in ACT, NSW, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania. WA is trialling daylight saving. More information
Go to the Department of Immigration for more information about visa information for tourists, working holidays, people transiting, visiting family or friends, or visiting for business or an event.
The electrical current is 240/250 volts, 50Hz. A 3-pin plug is which is different from most other countries and an adapter is normally required.
Australia has a decimal currency. The Australian dollar notes (AUD) are in denominations of $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100. Coins are used for $2, $1, 50cents, 20cents, 10cents and 5 cents.
Most currencies can be exchanged at banks and bureaux de change. Travellers cheques may incur a small charge for exchange. Credit cards are widely accepted and ATMs are freely available throughout the country.
The Goods and Services Tax (GST) applies to all purchases made throughout Australia with the exception of unprepared food and beverage items.
ACCREDITED VISITOR INFORMATION CENTRES
Call in when you see this sign to discover how you can make the most of your stay. Accredited visitor information centres provide high quality information and professional standards.
The Australian aboriginal belief of life and the origins of the world centre around the concept of ‘Dreaming’ or ‘Dreamtime’. Aboriginal legends tell the story of ancestral beings who created features of the land, sea and sky, humans, animals and plants. The actions and travels of these beings were in some instances transformed into features of the landscape, e.g. the Three Sisters rock formation in the Blue Mountains.
The Australian aboriginal relationship with the land is governed by these beliefs, which are recalled in stories, music and artwork.
The earliest art forms were paintings and engravings on boulders, rock shelters and cave walls, which date back 30,000 years. Recent expressions of aboriginal traditional art are now acclaimed in Australia and internationally. Other forms include body painting, tree carving, bark painting, weaving and sculpture and also in printmaking, fabric printing, ceramics and glassmaking.
The deeds and journeys of their ancestors are also celebrated in music and dance. Music was predominantly vocal but instruments like didgeridoos were used as accompaniments. Aboriginal performing arts are a feature in cultural festivals across Australia and traditional music has developed and merged with other musical genres
Whether your interest is in the unique dot paintings that depict Aboriginal culture, or grand masters and eclectic modern art you can find exhibitions and galleries to suit the most ardent lover of art all through Australia. Since European settlement, many painters have been drawn to Australia because of its marvellous, clear light. Renowned Australian artists include Sydney Nolan, Arthur Boyd, Fred McCubbin, Tom Roberts, Arthur Streeton, John Olsen, Russell Drysdale, Grace Crossington Smith, Rupert Bunny, Albert Namatjira and Brett Whitely. Click here for information about Australian artists
From Dame Nellie Melba, Dame Joan Sutherland, Dein Perry and even one of Australia's most famous icons the Sydney Opera House Australia is well represented when it comes to international icons of the stage. With our wonderful climate, take the time to experience an outdoor performance, such as Ballet in the Gardens held in Brisbane.
From the very beginning of European settlement in 1788, Australians have had vineyards. With 62 regions across the country, the industry is fast growing. Australia is currently the world’s fourth largest wine exporter of wine. Ten of these regions are particularly famous:
· Clare Valley (SA)
· Coonawarra (SA)
· Heathcote (VIC)
· Yarra Valley(VIC)
· Margaret River (WA)
· Mudgee (NSW)
· Hunter Valley (NSW)
· McLaren Vale (SA)
The diversity of Australia’s wines is well known. Because it is one of the ‘New World’ wine producers, Australian vintners have been able to embrace the latest technical innovations with old style traditions. For more information about Australia’s wine and tourism industry, go to the Wine Australia website or click on the regions above to find out what they have to offer visitors.
Every state and territory in Australia is rich in national parks and conservation areas covering wilderness, rainforests, outback and desert regions and old growth forests. Marine national parks include Queensland’s fascinating and fragile Great Barrier Reef. For information on the diversity of Australia’s national parks and world heritage areas click here
LIFEGUARDS AND PATROLLED BEACHES
Australia’s beaches are famous not only for their beauty and cleanliness, but also for their safety. In fact, Australia has over 500 fully-trained lifeguards operating on 200-plus beaches. These are all listed on the national Surf Lifesaving Australia website
AUSTRALIA'S GOLF COURSES
There are more than 1500 golf courses across Australia. Melbourne in Victoria is famous for its sandbelf courses. For a comprehensive list of golf clubs or to research attractions such as local tournaments click here
Australia boasts ten per cent of the world’s biodiversity, and some of this can be admired in its botanic gardens. Activities in each garden, their history and the flora and fauna that can be found here
The Ghan Adelaide – Alice Springs – Darwin
The Indian Pacific Sydney – Adelaide – Perth
The Overland Melbourne - Adelaide
SPORT IN AUSTRALIA
Australia’s representation near the top of many of the world’s most popular sports far exceeds the size of its population. Australian’s love their sport, either as participators or spectators and the climate encourages outdoor sporting pursuits. Every country town has its footy and cricket clubs and most have a lawn bowls club. The clubs are an integral part of community social life.
Victoria hosts the Australian Tennis Open, the Australian Grand Prix and the Australian Motor Cycle Grand Prix.
Rugby League and Rugby Union are most popular in New South Wales and Queensland, although both sports are gaining a foothold in the other states. Australian Rules Football is the most popular football code in Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria and Tasmania.
Soccer, although not a traditional Australian sport, is becoming very popular especially amongst young Australians and has received a major boost from the success of the Australian soccer team in the 2006 World Cup series.
Cricket is played in all states during the summer. Test matches, one day matches and the increasingly popular 20/20 matches are played in all the capital cities. Australia has held the number one position in world cricket for a number of years.
Other popular sports include
Rowing and canoeing
Snow skiingWater skiing
Find accommodation in Australia click here